Icosahedral Quasicrystals of Intermetallic Compounds are Icosahedral Twins of Cubic Crystals of Three Kinds, Consisting of Large (about 5000 Atoms) Icosahedral Complexes in Either a Cubic Body-Centered or a Cubic Face-Centered Arrangement or Smaller (about 1350 Atoms) Icosahedral Complexes in the β -Tungsten Arrangement
The twofold-axis electron-diffraction photographs of icosahedral quasicrystals are of three kinds, reflecting three different structures of the cubic crystals that by icosahedral twinning form the quasicrystals. The first kind, represented by Al13Cu4Fe3, contains two very large icosahedral complexes, each of about 4680 atoms, in the body-centered arrangement, with six smaller icosahedral complexes (104 atoms each) in the principal interstices. The second kind, represented by Al5Mn, contains four of the very large complexes in the face-centered arrangement (cubic close packing), with four of the smaller clusters in the interstices. The third kind, represented by Al6CuLi3, contains eight icosahedral complexes, each of about 1350 atoms, in the β -W arrangement. The supporting evidence for these cubic structures is discussed as well as other evidence showing that the simple quasicrystal theory, which states that quasicrystals do not involve any translational identity operations, has to be modified.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
- Pub Date:
- November 1989