Subtypes of Intercalated Cells in Rat Kidney Collecting Duct Defined by Antibodies against Erythroid Band 3 and Renal Vacuolar H+-ATPase
The cellular distributions of the kidney form of the erythrocyte band 3 chloride/bicarbonate exchanger and the kidney vacuolar H+-transporting ATPase were examined in rat kidney collecting duct by immunocytochemical staining of adjacent semithin sections. Polyclonal anti-peptide antibodies directed against two regions of murine erythroid band 3 gave a pattern of basolateral labeling similar to that seen with antibodies directed against the entire protein. In the medullary collecting duct almost all intercalated cells expressed basolateral membrane band 3 and displayed apical membrane H+-ATPase. In the cortical collecting duct and the connecting segment, band 3 labeling was restricted to a subpopulation of intercalcated cells. In the cortical collecting duct 46% of intercalated cells had apical H+-ATPase and basolateral band 3. Cells that had either basolateral or diffuse cytoplasmic staining for H+-ATPase were all band 3-negative and accounted for 53% of the intercalated cells. In addition, occasional intercalated cells with apical H+-ATPase appeared to lack basolateral band 3. These results demonstrate the coexpression of H+-ATPase and band 3 in opposite plasma membrane domains of a subpopulation of intercalated cells that are probably the acid-excreting (type A) cells. All other intercalated cells lacked immunoreactive band 3 and probably include the bicarbonate-excreting (type B) cells.