Using Hα observations made at the Astronomical Observatory of Wroclaw University, and 3.5 5.5 keV X-ray data from the Hard X-ray Imaging Spectrometer on board the Solar Maximum Mission, sites of solar X-ray emission are identified which are associated with active Hα features, such as prominences, sprays and surges. The X-ray emission is found to be highly localized within the active (Hα) structures. For example, in the prominences examined, 3.5 5.5 keV X-rays were found only in compact sites near the feet of the prominences. Models predicting that, during the active phase of these structures, the energy release should be evenly distributed along the structure are clearly brought into question. It is argued that these X-ray sites are indicative of the cause of the expulsion and transport of chromospheric material. Models which satisfy these observations are discussed.