Studies on pressure response of gas bubbles contributions of condensed droplets in bubbles generated by a uniform nucleation
Abstract
The response of a tiny gas bubble under reduced pressure is investigated in its relation to cavitation. Equations of motion are formulated for gas mixtures inside the bubble and numerical calculations performed for several examples. The conclusions are as follows: (1) at the onset of bubble growth, the gas mixture inside it adiabatically expands and the temperature decreases. Condensed droplets appear inside the gas mixture due to a uniform nucleation and the temperature recovers, thus the motion of the bubble is apparently isothermal; (2) the evaporation and condensation coefficient largely affects bubble motions (maximum radius, period and rate of attenuation of the bubble oscillation) including the uniform contraction; (3) the oscillation period of the bubble is longer as the equilibrium bubble radius is larger when the surrounding pressure decreases stepwise. In this circumstance the temperature inside the bubble is kept constant due to condensation evaporation phenomena and is nearly isothermal; and (4) when the surrounding pressure decreases in a stepwise fashion, the critical pressure bubble radius relation becomes closer to that for the isothermal process if the bubble radius is larger than 8 microns.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 August 1988
 Bibcode:
 1988STIN...8830068M
 Keywords:

 Bubbles;
 Cavitation Flow;
 Cavities;
 Dynamical Systems;
 Pressure Distribution;
 Condensation;
 Evaporation;
 Heat Transfer;
 Mass Transfer;
 Nucleation;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer