The Localization of Calcium Release by Inositol Trisphosphate in Limulus Photoreceptors and Its Control by Negative Feedback
Microvillar photoreceptors of invertebrates exhibit a light-induced rise in the intracellular concentration of free calcium (Ca_i) that results in part from release of calcium from an intracellular compartment. This light-induced release of calcium appears to result from a cascade of reactions that involve rhodopsin, a GTP-binding protein and a phospholipase-C which releases inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P_3) from the plasma membrane; the Ins(1,4,5)P_3 acts to release calcium from smooth endoplasmic reticulum. In the ventral photoreceptor of the horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus not all of the endoplasmic reticulum is subject to calcium release by Ins(1,4,5)P_3. Only endoplasmic reticulum in the light-sensitive region of the cell is competent to release calcium in response to Ins(1,4,5)P_3. The release of calcium by Ins(1,4,5)P_3 in ventral photoreceptors appears to be subject to feedback inhibition through elevated Ca_i. We suggest that this feedback inhibition contributes to sensory adaptation in the photoreceptor and may account for oscillatory membrane responses sometimes observed with large injections of Ins(1,4,5)P_3.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- July 1988