The Use of Cs and Sr Isotopes as Tracers in the Arctic Mediterranean Seas
The Arctic Mediterranean Seas constitute an oceanic region in which the thermohaline circulation has a strong advective component and deep ventilation processes are very active relative to other oceanic areas. Details of the nature of these circulation and ventilation processes have been revealed through use of Cs and Sr isotopes from bomb-fallout and nuclear-waste sources as ocean tracers. In both cases, their regional input is dominated by advective supply in the Norwegian Atlantic Current and Norwegian Coastal Current, respectively. The different temporal, spatial, and compositional input patterns of these tracers have been used to study different facets of the regional circulation. These input differences and some representative applications of the use of these tracers are reviewed. The data discussed derive from samples collected both from research vessels and from Arctic ice camps. The topics addressed include: (a) the role of Arctic Intermediate Water as source, supplying recent surface water to North Atlantic Deep Water via the Denmark Strait overflow; (b) deep convective mixing in the Greenland Sea; (c) circulation or recirculation of Atlantic water in the Arctic basins; and (d) the role of Arctic shelfwaters in the ventilation of intermediate and deep water in the Eurasian and Canadian basins.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series A
- Pub Date:
- May 1988