Drift Wave Simulation in Toroidal Geometry.
Abstract
The drift wave, a general category of plasma behavior arising from a plasma inhomogeneity, is studied using the particle simulation method. In slab geometry, the drift wave (or universal mode) is stabilized by any finite amount of magnetic shear. In toroidal geometry, however, the coupling of the poloidal harmonics gives rise to a new branch of drift wave eigenmodes called the toroidicity induced mode, which is predicted to be unstable in some regimes. The drift wave in a toroidal system is intrinsically threedimensional, and is sensitive to the handling of the parallel electron dynamics, the (nearly) perpendicular wave dynamics, and the radial variation of magnetic field vector (shear). A simulation study must therefore be kinetic in nature, motivating the extension of particle simulation techniques to complex geometries. From this effort a three dimensional particle code in a toroidal coordinate system has been developed and applied to the toroidal drift wave problem. The code uses an (r,theta,phi) type coordinate system, and a nonuniform radial grid that increases resolution near the moderational surfaces. Full ion dynamics and electron guiding center dynamics are employed. Further, the algorithm incorporates a straightforward limiting process to cylindrical geometry and slab geometry, enabling comparison to the theoretical results in these regimes. Simulations of the densitydriven modes in toroidal geometry retain a single toroidal mode number (n = 9). In this regime, the poloidal harmonics are expected to be strongly coupled, giving rise to the marginally unstable toroidicityinduced drift mode. Analysis of the simulation data reveals a strong, lowfrequency response that peaks near each mode rational surface. Further, the characteristic oscillation frequencies persist from one mode rational surface to the next, which identifies them as multiple harmonics of the toroidicityinduced mode. The lowest harmonic occurs at a frequency of omega/ omega^{*} ~ 0.26, which is reasonably close to the prediction of linear theory. Interferogram analysis of these modes indicates a "ballooning" structure toward the outside of the torus. The amplitude of the potential is observed to grow exponentially for the m = 8 through m = 10 poloidal mode numbers, with a growth rate of approximately gamma/omega ^{*} ~ 0.075. Saturation occurs at time t ~ 1000 Omega_sp{i}{1}, and may be caused by quasilinear flattening of the density profile.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 December 1988
 Bibcode:
 1988PhDT........65L
 Keywords:

 Physics: General