Cardiolipin from Ethanol-Fed Rats Confers Tolerance to Ethanol in Liver Mitochondrial Membranes
In rats chronically consuming ethanol, the liver mitochondrial membranes develop resistance to the disordering effects of ethanol in vitro, so-called ``membrane tolerance.'' To investigate the molecular basis of this tolerance in the inner mitochondrial membrane, multilamellar vesicles were produced by recombining the mitoplast phospholipids (quantitatively separated by preparative HPLC) from control and ethanol-fed animals in various combinations. The effect of in vitro ethanol on the physical properties of these vesicles was determined by electron spin resonance. Vesicles composed of all mitoplast phospholipids from control rats were disordered by 50-100 mM ethanol, whereas those made of the phospholipids from ethanol-fed animals were resistant. When phosphatidylcholine (46 mol%) or phosphatidylethanolamine (42 mol%) from ethanol-fed rats replaced the corresponding phospholipids of control rats, the vesicles were disordered by ethanol. By contrast, when as little as 2.5 mol% of cardiolipin (one-fourth the naturally occurring amount) from ethanol-fed rats replaced that phospholipid from control rats, vesicles were rendered entirely resistant to disordering by ethanol. The same amount of cardiolipin from ethanol-fed rats also conferred membrane tolerance to vesicles composed of bovine phospholipids, demonstrating that this effect is not restricted to rat mitoplast phospholipids. In vesicles composed of a single mitoplast-phospholipid class, only vesicles composed of cardiolipin from ethanol-fed rats resisted disordering. Phosphatidylinositol from liver microsomes of ethanol-fed rats also confers membrane tolerance and was the only microsomal phospholipid that formed tolerant vesicles. Thus, in livers of rats chronically fed ethanol, anionic phospholipids are selectively converted into potent promoters of membrane tolerance in both mitochondrial and microsomal membranes.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
- Pub Date:
- May 1988