A fundamental dynamical scale, ET(solar), was formed from absolute, meridian circle observations, from 1835 to 1982. At 1967.0 the ET(solar) and SI seconds were equal to 1 part in 109 and, from Morrison's (1979a) ET(lunar) scale, the ET(ILE) and SI seconds were equal to 1 part in 1010. The long term fluctuation in the Earth's rotation has been parabolic, instead of sinusoidal, for at least 350 y.
The Earth's Rotation and Reference Frames for Geodesy and Geodynamics
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