Computation of asymmetric supersonic flows around cones at large incidence
Abstract
The SchiffSteger parabolized NavierStokes (PNS) code has been modified to allow computation of conical flowfields around cones at high incidence. The improved algorithm of Degani and Schiff has been incorporated with the PNS code. This algorithm adds the cross derivative and circumferential viscous terms to the original PNS code and modifies the algebraic eddy viscosity turbulence model to take into account regions of so called crossflow separation. Assuming the flowfield is conical (but not necessarily symmetric) a marching stepback procedure is used: the solution is marched one step downstream using improved PNS code and the flow variables are then scaled to place the solution back to the original station. The process is repeated until no change in the flow variables is observed with further marching. The flow variables are then constant along rays of the flowfield. The experiments obtained by Bannik and Nebbeling were chosen as a test case. In these experiments a cone of 7.5 deg. half angle at Mach number 2.94 and Reynolds number 1.372 x 10(7) was tested up 34 deg. angle of attack. At high angle of attack nonconical asymmetric leeward side vortex patterns were observed. In the first set of computations, using an earlier obtained solution of the above cone for angle of attack of 22.6 deg. and at station x=0.5 as a starting solution, the angle of attack was gradually increased up to 34 deg. During this procedure the grid was carfully adjusted to capture the bow shock. A stable, converged symmetric solution was obtained. Since the numerical code converged to a symmetric solution which is not the physical one, the stability was tested by a random perturbation at each point. The possible effect of surface roughness or non perfect body shape was also investigated. It was concluded that although the assumption of conical viscous flows can be very useful for certain cases, it can not be used for the present case. Thus the second part of the investigation attempted to obtain a marching (in space) solution with the PNS method using the conical solution as initial data. Finally, the solution of the full NavierStokes equations was carried out.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 April 1987
 Bibcode:
 1987STIN...8722114D
 Keywords:

 Angle Of Attack;
 Computational Fluid Dynamics;
 Conical Bodies;
 Conical Flow;
 Flow Equations;
 NavierStokes Equation;
 Spatial Marching;
 Supersonic Flow;
 Vortices;
 Asymmetry;
 Computational Grids;
 Convergence;
 Flow Distribution;
 Flux Vector Splitting;
 Numerical Stability;
 Surface Roughness;
 Turbulence Models;
 Turbulent Flow;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer