Flux Quantization in Aperiodic and Periodic Networks
Abstract
The normal  superconducting phase boundary, T_{c}(H), of a periodic wire network shows periodic oscillations with period H _{o} = phi_ {o}/A due to flux quantization around the individual plaquettes (of area A) of the network. The magnetic flux quantum is phi_{o } = hc/2e. The phase boundary also shows fine structure at fields H = (p/q)H_{o} (p,q integers), where the flux vortices can form commensurate superlattices on the periodic substrate. We have studied the phase boundary of quasicrystalline, quasiperiodic and random networks. We have found that if a network is composed of two different tiles, whose areas are relatively irrational then the T_ {c}(H) curve shows large scale structure at fields that approximate flux quantization around the tiles, i.e. when the ratio of fluxoids contained in the large tiles to those in the small tiles is a rational approximant to the irrational area ratio. The phase boundaries of quasicrystalline and quasiperiodic networks show fine structure indicating the existence of commensurate vortex superlattices on these networks. No such fine structure is found on the random array. For a quasicrystal whose quasiperiodic longrange order is characterized by the irrational number tau the commensurate vortex lattices are all found at H = H_{o} n + mtau (n,m integers). We have found that the commensurate superlattices on quasicrystalline as well as on crystalline networks are related to the inflation symmetry. We propose a general definition of commensurability.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 1987
 Bibcode:
 1987PhDT.......160B
 Keywords:

 QUASICRYSTALS;
 Physics: Condensed Matter