We describe the "drift chamber" detection setup of SPES4, the 4 GeV/ c spectrometer at Laboratoire National Saturne. The particle identification is performed by combining magnetic rigidity selection with energy loss and time of flight measurements. This allows to separate analysed isotopes from Z = 1 to at least Z = 10 up to a rigidity of 4 GeV/ c. A charge resolution of ∆Zrms = 0.1 and a time resolution of ∆trms = 120 ps for 18Ne at about 3 GeV/ c per Z are easily obtained. Two sets of multiwire drift chambers are used to measure and reconstruct the particle trajectories at the output of the system. A position resolution better than ∆xrms = 160 μm can be achieved in the focal plane. This corresponds to a momentum resolution of ∆δrms = 0.22 × 10 -4. The performances of SPES4 ( ∆δrms = 2.2 × 10 -4) can then be wholly exploited.