Calculations of the stability of some axisymmetric flows proposed as a model of vortex breakdown
Abstract
The term vortex breakdown refers to the abrupt and drastic changes of structure that can sometimes occur in swirling flows. It was conjectured that the bubble type of breakdown can be viewed as an axisymmetric wave traveling upstream in a primarily columnar vortex flow. In this scenario the wave's upstream progress is impeded only when it reaches a critical amplitude and it loses stability to some nonaxisymmetric disturbance. The stability of some axisymmetric wavy flows to three dimensional disturbances, viewing the amplitude of the wave as a bifurcation parameter is examined. The stability of a set of related columnar vortex flows, constructed by taking the two dimensional flow at a single axial location and extending it throughout the domain without variation, is investigated. The method used will be to expand the perturbation velocity in a series of divergence free vectors which ensures that the continuity equation for the incompressible fluid is satisfied exactly by the computed velocity field. Projections of the stability equation onto the space of inviscid vector fields eliminated the pressure term from the equation and reduces the differential eigen problem to a generalized matrix eigen problem. Results are presented both for the one dimensional, columnar vortex flows and also for the wavy bubble flow.
 Publication:

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Report
 Pub Date:
 May 1986
 Bibcode:
 1986nasa.reptW....M
 Keywords:

 Boundary Value Problems;
 Computational Fluid Dynamics;
 Flow Stability;
 Numerical Analysis;
 Two Dimensional Flow;
 Vortex Breakdown;
 Bubbles;
 Euler Equations Of Motion;
 Legendre Functions;
 Matrices (Mathematics);
 Turbulent Flow;
 Vectors (Mathematics);
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer