Turbulent boundary layers in oscillating flows. Part 1: An experimental and computational study
Abstract
An experimentalcomputational study of the behavior of turbulent boundary layers for oscillating air flows over a plane surface with a small favorable mean pressure gradient is described. Experimental studies were conducted for boundary layers generated on the test section wall of a facility that produces a flow with a mean free stream velocity and a superposed nearlypure sinusoidal component over a wide range of frequency. Flow at a nominal mean free stream velocity of 50 m/s were studied at atmospheric pressure and temperature at selected axial positions over a 2 m test length for frequencies ranging from 4 to 29 Hz. Quantitative experimental results are presented for unsteady velocity profiles and longitudinal turbulence levels obtained from hot wire anemometer measurements at three axial positions. Mean velocity profiles for oscillating flows were found to exhibit only small deviations from corresponding steady flow profiles, while amplitudes and phase relationships exhibited a strong dependence on axial position and frequency. Since sinusoidal flows could be generated over a wide range of frequency, studies at fixed values of reduced frequency at different axial positions were studied. Results show that there is some utility in the use of reduced frequency to correlate unsteady velocity results. The turbulence level u' sub rms was observed to vary essentially sinusoidally around values close to those measured in steady flow. However, the amplitude of oscillation and phase relations for turbulence level were found to be strongly frequency dependent. Numerical predictions were obtained using an unsteady boundary layer computational code and the CebeciSmith and Glushko turbulence models. Predicted quantities related to unsteady velocity profiles exhibit fair agreement with experiment when the CebeciSmith turbulence model is used.
 Publication:

Final Technical Report
 Pub Date:
 February 1986
 Bibcode:
 1986isu..rept.....C
 Keywords:

 Free Flow;
 Oscillating Flow;
 Pressure Gradients;
 Sine Waves;
 Steady Flow;
 Turbulent Boundary Layer;
 Computational Fluid Dynamics;
 HotWire Anemometers;
 Predictions;
 Turbulence Models;
 Unsteady Flow;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer