Electron Tunneling Studies of MOLYBDENUM(1-X) Rhenium(x): Enhancement of Superconductivity by a Resonance Mode.
It is well-known that a heavy impurity atom in a lattice of light atoms induces a lower frequency in-band resonance mode in the vibrational spectrum. The exact effect of such a mode on the lat- tice spectrum has not previously been reported and effects of such modes on superconductivity have not previously been described. Sputtered thin films of bcc Mo(,1-x)Re(,x), 0.2 < x < 0.4, have been pre- pared for this study because the Re atom is almost twice as heavy as Mo. High quality MoRe/Al(,2)O(,3)/Pb tunnel junctions on these films have been made with an in situ deposited and subsequently oxidized thin Al layer as barrier. Three phonon peaks were observed directly in the dV/dI and d('2)V/dI('2) curves. The (alpha)('2)F((omega)) spectra, determined from the data through the Eliashberg theory of superconductivity, all show an anomalous low energy peak, in addition to the Mo-derived transverse and longitudinal phonon peaks. This peak appears near 14 meV, in agreement with the Brout-Visscher theory and with neu- tron scattering data which first indicated the Re resonance mode in Mo(,.85)Re(,.15). We show that the resonance mode contributes strongly to (alpha)('2)F((omega)) and to strong coupling (delta)(=2(DELTA)/k(,B)T(,c) - 3.53) > 0. (delta) increases with (lamda)(,R), the Re contribution to the electron-phonon coupling con- stant (lamda). The dependences of the anomalous softening and width of the resonance mode on (lamda)(,R) fit the Yu-Anderson theory of local pho- non screening by a Fermi gas of electrons treated as Tomonago. bosons. These results explain the low N(0), high T(,c) behavior of Mo(,.6)Re(,.4). *DOE Report IS-T-1246. This work was performed under contract No. W-7405-Eng-82 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
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- Physics: Condensed Matter