Theoretical Study of the Transverse Dielectric Constant of Superlattices and Their Alloys
Abstract
The optical properties of IIIV binary and ternary compounds and GaAsAl(,x)Ga(,1x)As superlattices are determined by calculating the real and imaginary parts of the transverse dielectric constant, (epsilon)((omega)) = (epsilon)(,1)((omega)) + i(epsilon)(,2)((omega)). Emphasis is given to determining the influence of different material and superlattice (layer thickness and Al composi tion) parameters on the values of the index of refraction. (eta)((omega)) and absorption coefficient, (alpha)((omega)). In order to calculate the optical properties of a material, it is necessary to compute its electronic band structure. We accomplish this by introducing a partition band structure approach based on a combination of the (')k(.)(')p and nonlocal pseudopotential techniques. In this approach the bulk Brillouin zone is partitioned into the (GAMMA), X, and L regions by performing (')k(.)(')p expansions about these three symmetry points. The results for (eta)((omega)) and (alpha)((omega)) of bulk IIIV compounds com pare well with other oneelectron band structure models, and our calculations show that for small frequencies, the index of refraction is determined mainly by the contributions of the outer regions of the Brillouin zone. The effects of alloy scattering are incorporated into the model using a perturbative CPA approach which only includes the influence of compositional disorder. The results for the disorderinduced, (GAMMA) point, energy gap bowings are shown to be nearly comparable to those calculated using more sophisticated CPA approaches. Further  more, the calculated absorption coefficient of Al(,x)Ga(,1 x)As is found to be in good agreement with the experimental data. The model is extended to heterostructures by using the envelopefunction approximation. Valenceband mixing and (GAMMA)region exciton effects are also included in the model. Our results show that the anisotropy and structure dependence of the refractive index of superlattices result mainly from the contribution of the (GAMMA) region, while the contributions of the outer regions of the zone are rather insensitive to the superlattice structure. The superlattice index of refraction values is determined to attain maxima at the various (GAMMA)region, quantized, transition energies, where for certain structures the difference between the refractive indices of the superlattice and its corresponding Al(,x)Ga(,1x)As alloy can be as large as 2%. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.).
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 1986
 Bibcode:
 1986PhDT........89K
 Keywords:

 REFRACTION;
 ABSORPTION;
 Physics: Optics