Theoretical study of the transverse dielectric constant of superlattices and their alloys
Abstract
The optical properties of III to V binary and ternary compounds and GaAsAl(x)Ga(1x)As superlattices are determined by calculating the real and imaginary parts of the transverse dielectric constant. Emphasis is given to determining the influence of different material and superlattice parameters on the values of the index of refraction and absorption coefficient. In order to calculate the optical properties of a material, it is necessary to compute its electronic band structure. This was accomplished by introducing a partition band structure approach based on a combination of the vector k x vector p and nonlocal pseudopotential techniques. The advantages of this approach are that it is accurate, computationally fast, analytical, and flexible. These last two properties enable incorporation of additional effects into the model, such as disorder scattering, which occurs for alloy materials and excitons. Furthermore, the model is easily extended to more complex structures, for example multiple quantum wells and superlattices. The results for the transverse dielectric constant and absorption coefficient of bulk III to V compounds compare well with other oneelectron band structure models and the calculations show that for small frequencies, the index of refraction is determined mainly by the contibution of the outer regions of the Brillouin zone.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 August 1986
 Bibcode:
 1986PhDT.........7K
 Keywords:

 Absorptivity;
 Aluminum Gallium Arsenides;
 Optical Properties;
 Permittivity;
 Refractivity;
 Superlattices;
 Brillouin Zones;
 Energy Gaps (Solid State);
 Mathematical Models;
 OrderDisorder Transformations;
 Quantum Wells;
 SolidState Physics