Numerical simulation of buoyant turbulent flow
Abstract
Two models have been developed for predicting low Reynolds number turbulent flows in the free and mixed convection regimes. One, the KEM model, is based on the notion of eddy diffusivities for momentum and heat. The other, the ASM model, is based on algebraic relations derived for the anisotropic turbulent fluxes by suitable truncation of the parent transport equations. Both formulations apply to variable property flows with high overheat ratios. A comparison between measurements and predictions for the case of the vertical plate shows that both models yield fairly accurate results for the mean flow and heat transfer. As a result, only the simpler of the two models, the KEM, was used to predict the cavity flows. Predictions for the case of the vertical flat plate show excellent agreement with measurements of mean velocity, temperature and Nusselt number. Nearwall results predicted by both models reveal the existence of a 1/3 powerlaw dependence. Regions of negative buoyant and shear production of turbulence kinetic energy are clearly revealed by the calculations.
 Publication:

California Univ., Berkeley Report
 Pub Date:
 August 1985
 Bibcode:
 1985ucb..reptR....H
 Keywords:

 Approximation;
 Forced Convection;
 Heat Transfer;
 Reynolds Number;
 Turbulent Flow;
 Kinetic Energy;
 Mathematical Models;
 Momentum;
 Prediction Analysis Techniques;
 Velocity Measurement;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer