A simple, first step to the optimization of regenerator geometry
Abstract
This paper presents a simplified set of equations for calculating and optimizing regenerator geometries. A number of competing parameters must be accounted for in the design of a regenerator. To obtain high values of effectiveness, there is need for a large surface area for heat transfer and high heat capacity. The void volume should be small to maintain the pressure ratio in the entire system. Moreover, the pressure drop should be small compared to the absolute pressure. With the assumptions made here, the calculations can be done with a hand calculator. The equations show that the optimum regenerator length, hydraulic radius, and porosity are independent of mass flow rate and the gas cross sectional area is proportional to the mass flow rate. It is shown that using gas gaps between parallel plates produces a significantly better regenerator than is possible with packed spheres or screens, particularly at temperatures below approximately 50%.
 Publication:

In its Proc. of the 3rd Cryocooler Conf. p 177198 (SEE N8611367 0231
 Pub Date:
 May 1985
 Bibcode:
 1985crcc.proc..177R
 Keywords:

 Geometry;
 Heat Exchangers;
 Optimization;
 Regenerative Cooling;
 Regenerators;
 Cryogenic Equipment;
 Porosity;
 Engineering (General)