Principal components analysis was evaluated as a chemometric method for investigating the sources of variation in multicomponent analytical instruments. Many measurements of a 20-element standard were made over several days of operation with a direct-current argon plasma emission spectrometer designed to simultaneously measure the emission intensity at 20 analytical wavelengths. The number of components necessary to account for signal variations and the interelement correlations were determined by a principal components analysis. These results were used to identify the minimum number of independent sources of instrument variation and therefore the minimum number of internal standards needed to correct nonrandom fluctuations in instrument response. Correlations of the analytical signals with the principal components provide guidance for selecting internal standards.
Presented at the 28th Oak Ridge National Laboratory Conference on Analytical Chemistry
- Pub Date:
- Principal Components Analysis;
- Spectral Emission;
- Plasmas (Physics);
- Instrumentation and Photography