Equations for nonbonded concrete overlays
Abstract
The nature of the design equations for the nonbonded concrete overlays currently used by the US Army Corps of Engineers was examined and the original source of the equation was also examined. Using simple mechanics, new overlay equations were developed which are suitable for different thicknesses and elastic properties in the overlay and base concrete slabs. The difference in the computed overlay thickness between the new and existing equations is not large when the overlay thickness is equal to or greater than the base slab. The difference can become excessive when the overlay thickness is much less than that of the base slab. The new equations were compared with the finite element computer program for concrete overlays with various combinations of slab thickness, elastic property, and subgrade modulus. The comparisons were very favorable, indicating that the overlay equations developed in this report are analytically correct. It was difficult to judge whether the new equations are superior to the existing equation. This conclusion was expected because for all the seven test sections analyzed, the overlay thicknesses were either equal to or greater than those of the base slabs.
 Publication:

Final Report Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station
 Pub Date:
 September 1985
 Bibcode:
 1985aewe.rept.....C
 Keywords:

 Concretes;
 Mathematical Models;
 Pavements;
 Structural Analysis;
 Accelerated Life Tests;
 Finite Element Method;
 Modulus Of Elasticity;
 Tensile Stress;
 Thickness;
 Engineering (General)