How Do Retroviral Oncogenes Induce Transformation in Avian Erythroid Cells?
The v-erb B oncogene, as well as other oncogenes of the src-gene family transform immature erythroid cells from chick bone marrow in vivo and in vitro. The erb B-transformed erythroid cells differ from normal late erythroid precursors (CFU-E) in that they have acquired the capacity to undergo self-renewal as well as to differentiate terminally. They also do not require the normal erythroid differentiation hormone, erythropoietin, for either process. Cooperation of v-erb B with a second oncogene, v-erb A, results in a differentiation arrest of the transformed cells, which now only use the self-renewal pathway. Studies with conditional and non-conditional mutants in both v-erb B and v-erb A will be presented to elucidate further how the transforming proteins encoded by these oncogenes, gp74erb B and gp75gag-erb A, affect the differentiation programme of the infected erythroid precursor with the outcome of hormone-independent leukaemic cells arrested at an early stage of erythroid differentiation.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- October 1985