The correction of aberrations computed in the aperture plane of multifrequency microwave radiometer antennas
Abstract
An analytical/numerical approach to identifying and correcting the aberrations introduced by a general displacement of the feed from the focal point of a single offset paraboloid antenna used in deployable radiometer systems is developed. A 15 meter reflector with 18 meter focal length is assumed for the analysis, which considers far field radiation pattern quality, focal region fields, and aberrations appearing in the aperture plane. The latter are obtained by ray tracing in the transmit mode and are expressed in terms of optical notation. Attention is given to the physical restraints imposed on corrective elements by real microwave systems and to the intermediate near field aspects of the problem in three dimensions. The subject of wave fronts and caustics in the receive mode is introduced for comparative purposes. Several specific examples are given for aberration reduction at eight beamwidths of scan at a frequency of 1.414 GHz.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 May 1984
 Bibcode:
 1984STIN...8432679S
 Keywords:

 Aberration;
 Far Fields;
 Microwave Radiometers;
 Parabolic Antennas;
 Ray Tracing;
 Antenna Radiation Patterns;
 Fourier Transformation;
 Matrices (Mathematics);
 Phase Shift;
 Wave Fronts;
 Electronics and Electrical Engineering