Impedance of vertical electric and magnetic dipole above a dissipative ground
Abstract
Selfimpedance formulae for a small horizontal wire loop and for a short vertical dipole above the earth are derived by using the exact image principle. The resulting integrals appear extremely well behaved for low antenna elevations and give good results with the simplest numerical approximations.
 Publication:

Radio Science
 Pub Date:
 December 1984
 DOI:
 10.1029/RS019i006p01469
 Bibcode:
 1984RaSc...19.1469A
 Keywords:

 Dipole Antennas;
 Electric Dipoles;
 Electrical Impedance;
 Ground Effect (Communications);
 Loop Antennas;
 Magnetic Dipoles;
 Electromagnetic Fields;
 Energy Dissipation;
 Half Spaces;
 Pade Approximation;
 Taylor Series