Several New Aspects of Bubble-Induced Central Nervous System Injury
Ischaemia is a major mechanism underlying central nervous system (c.n.s.) damage in decompression sickness. Some recent experimental observations on the effect of bubble-induced ischaemia on c.n.s. tissue sharpen and extend our understanding of the pathophysiology of decompression sickness. After bubble-induced brain ischaemia, a measurable increase in 111In-labelled leucocytes occurs in the injured hemisphere. By 4 h into the recovery period the cells are concentrated in zones of low blood flow, as measured by the [14C]iodoantipyrine technique. The presence of these cells during the critical early hours of c.n.s. ischaemia suggests that they may contribute to the evolution of neuronal damage. Oedema is often cited as the cause of clinical deterioration after c.n.s. ischaemia or trauma. Recent evidence indicates that the presence and degree of circumscribed brain oedema is not a good predictor of the amount of nerve cell recovery (by using cortical sensory evoked response) after bubble-induced brain ischaemia. This brings into question the role of circumscribed oedema of the c.n.s. in dysfunction of post-ischemic nerve cells.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B
- Pub Date:
- January 1984