Assignment of the Gene for Methylthioadenosine Phosphorylase to Human Chromosome 9 by Mouse--Human Somatic Cell Hybridization
The purine and polyamine metabolic enzyme methylthioadenosine (MeSAdo) phosphorylase is abundant in normal cells and tissues but is lacking from many human and murine malignant cell lines and from cells of some human leukemias in vivo. To explore the genetic control of MeSAdo phosphorylase expression, we measured levels of the enzyme in somatic cell hybrids prepared by fusing MeSAdo phosphorylase-deficient mouse L cell lines with human fibroblasts. In the hybrid clones, MeSAdo phosphorylase activity segregated concordantly with adenylate kinase 1, a marker for human chromosome 9, but not with enzyme markers for any other human chromosome. In hybrid clones derived from human fibroblasts with a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 9 and 17, MeSAdo phosphorylase activity was confined to cells containing the 9pter----9q12 region. In every case, the enzyme-positive hybrid clones displayed bands of MeSAdo phosphorylase activity with isoelectric points characteristic of both the human and murine enzymes. These results indicate that the structural gene for human MeSAdo phosphorylase, designated MTAP, can be assigned to the 9pter----9q12 region of human chromosome 9. Furthermore, these studies with interspecies somatic cell hybrids show that the MeSAdo phosphorylase-deficient state is recessive in mouse L cell lines.