Turbulent boundary layer on a mildly curved convex surface
Abstract
Mean flow and turbulence measurements have been made in a boundary layer which grows first on a flat' wall and then on a convex wall of radius of curvature approximately 100 times the boundary layer thickness. The turbulence data include profiles of the four nonzero components of the Reynolds stress tensor and three triple velocity products obtained at five streamwise positions. A number of measurements were also made for comparison in the boundary layer on a flat wall under the same conditions. The effects of convex curvature are to reduce turbulent intensities, shear stress and wall friction by approximately 10% of their plane flow values; the triple velocity products are halved in the curved layer. The measurements supplement the small quantity of previously published data available for testing mathematical models of turbulence. The results show the same general trends that have been observed in earlier investigations but there are significant differences in detail, notably in respect of levels of the normal stresses.
 Publication:

Experiments in Fluids
 Pub Date:
 March 1984
 DOI:
 10.1007/BF00266314
 Bibcode:
 1984ExFl....2...17G
 Keywords:

 Convexity;
 Flow Measurement;
 Reynolds Stress;
 Turbulent Boundary Layer;
 Wall Flow;
 Flat Surfaces;
 Shear Stress;
 Turbulent Diffusion;
 Velocity Distribution;
 Velocity Measurement;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer