A new interstellar molecule, methylcyanoacetylene (CH3C3N), has been detected in the molecular cloud TMC-1. The J = 8 to 7, J = 7 to 6, J = 6 to 5, and J = 5 to 4 transitions have been observed. For the first three of these, both the K = 0 and K = 1 components are present, while for J = 5 to 4, only the K = 0 line has been detected. The observed frequencies were calculated by assuming a value of radial velocity V(LSR) = 5.8 km/s for TMC-1, typical of other molecules in the cloud. All observed frequencies are within 10 kHz of the calculated frequencies, which are based on the 1982 laboratory constants of Moises et al. (1982), so the identification is secure. The lines are broadened by hyperfine splitting, and the J = 5 to 4, K = 0 transition shows incipient resolution into three hyperfine components. The rotational temperature determined from these observations is quite low, with T(rot) in the range from 2.7 to 4 K. The total column density is approximately 5 x 10 to the 12th per sq cm.