Asymptotic analysis of numerical wave propagation in finite difference equations
Abstract
An asymptotic technique is developed for analyzing the propagation and dissipation of wavelike solutions to finite difference equations. It is shown that for each fixed complex frequency there are usually several wave solutions with different wavenumbers and the slowly varying amplitude of each satisfies an asymptotic amplitude equation which includes the effects of smoothly varying coefficients in the finite difference equations. The local group velocity appears in this equation as the velocity of convection of the amplitude. Asymptotic boundary conditions coupling the amplitudes of the different wave solutions are also derived. A wavepacket theory is developed which predicts the motion, and interaction at boundaries, of wavepackets, wavelike disturbances of finite length. Comparison with numerical experiments demonstrates the success and limitations of the theory. Finally an asymptotic global stability analysis is developed.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 March 1983
 Bibcode:
 1983STIN...8415360G
 Keywords:

 Asymptotic Methods;
 Finite Difference Theory;
 Partial Differential Equations;
 Problem Solving;
 Wave Propagation;
 Amplitudes;
 Backward Differencing;
 Convergence;
 Extrapolation;
 Numerical Stability;
 Wave Packets;
 Communications and Radar