The Nature of Machining Damage in Brittle Materials
The micromechanics of failure emanating from machining-induced cracks in brittle materials is investigated. In situ monitoring of crack response during breaking tests (with use of acoustic wave scattering), strength measurements and post-failure fractography all indicate that the crack response is dominated by residual stresses. Two components of residual stress have been identified: a crack-wedging force due to the plastic zone beneath the strength-controlling machining groove, and a compressive surface layer due to adjacent grooves. The wedging force dominates and causes stable equilibrium crack extension during a breaking test. The implications of the results for non-destructive evaluation of surface damage by acoustic wave scattering is discussed.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A
- Pub Date:
- February 1983