X-Ray Diffraction by Phospholipid Monolayers on Single-Crystal Silicon Substrates
Monolayers of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine have been transferred from an air-water interface to single-crystal silicon wafers previously alkylated with octadecyltrichlorosilane. By using synchrotron radiation it has been found possible to observe diffraction by single-crystal regions of these monolayers with negligible background scattering from the solid substrate. In one series of experiments, diffraction signals at Bragg spacings of 0.4247± 0.0002 nm and 0.4253± 0.0002 nm were observed. The supported phospholipid monolayer crystals show remarkably high in-plane order: the positional coherence length is at least 500 nm and the orientational order is better than 0.01 degrees. Preliminary temperature scans were carried out. The data reveal the existence of a phase transition at about 65 degrees C.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
- Pub Date:
- September 1983