The minimum weight design of a cantilever beam in flexural vibration is considered. The aim is the maximization of a given natural bending frequency (usually the first) for a given beam weight or equivalently the minimization of beam weight for a specified value of a natural frequency. The beams considered are of rectangular section and are subject, in a range of cases presented, to a variety of constraints on lower and upper bounds on the cross-section dimensions or to the specification of a point mass at the end of the beam. Simple bending theory is regarded as applicable to the problem. A variational statement of the problem is made and the necessary conditions for a minimum are obtained as a system of non-linear equations which are solved numerically. Results are given in the form of tables and of figures showing computed optimum profiles. Some experiments on a sample set of beams of equal mass are described briefly. The optimum profile beam was found to have the greatest fundamental frequency, in support of the theoretical predictions.