Structural models and undamped torsional natural frequencies of a superconducting turbogenerator rotor
Superconducting turbogenerators with a "double rotor structure" have a torsional natural frequency within the generator, the outer rotor moving in opposition to the inner rotor. For large machines this natural frequency may approach 100 Hz. In this paper a finite element model and simple lumped mass and spring models of the rotor, for the calculation of the undamped torsional natural frequencies, are described and compared. A method by which equivalent spring stiffnesses for both the inner and outer rotors can be derived is described, allowing one to use a rotor model with one lumped mass and equivalent spring stiffness for each of the inner and outer rotors. Such a rotor model can be readily used for studying electromagnetic interaction effects and assessing fault torques in the outer rotor and inner rotor torque tubes.