The aliphatic hydrocarbon fractions of sixty oils from the San Jorges Basin, Argentina have been analysed by computerized-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The initial aim of this study was the correlation of the oils using sterane and triterpane biomarkers. The oils could be divided into four groups which were distinguished by the relative proportions of regular to demethylated hopanes. Although it has been previously suggested that the demethylated hopanes found in oils could have resulted from biotransformation of the oils in the reservoir, in this basin the possibility that these compounds originated directly from the source beds cannot be entirely eliminated since the oils do not appear to be extensively biodegraded on the basis of their aliphatic hydrocarbon distributions. An alternative theory for the hydrocarbon distributions observed in these oils, is initially biodegradation of the oils in the reservoir followed by addition of non-degraded oil to produce a mixture of degraded and non-degraded oil.