Design of neutron streak camera for fusion diagnostics
Abstract
The DT burn time for advanced laser fusion targets is calculated to be very short, 50 ps. The design of a neutron streak camera of 16 ps resolving time that is used to study the temporal history of fusion burn is described. The cathode of the neutron streak camera is sensitive to neutrons and is curved such that the difference in the neutron path lengths from a point source to various parts of the cathode is compensated by electron transit times within the streak tube. Thus the cathode can be made large for high sensitivity, without sacrificing time resolution. The cathode is coated with 1 micrometers UO2. Each fission fragment leaving the cathode generates 400 secondary electrons that are all 20 eV. These electrons are focused to a point with an extractor and an anode, and are then purified with an electrostatic deflector. The electron beam is streaked and detected with the standard streak camera techniques. Careful shielding is needed for Xrays from the fusion target and general background.
 Publication:

Presented at the 15th Intern. Congr. on High Speed Phot. and Photonics
 Pub Date:
 June 1982
 Bibcode:
 1982hsp..cong...22W
 Keywords:

 Electromagnetic Pulses;
 Electron Beams;
 Inelastic Scattering;
 Laser Fusion;
 Laser Targets;
 Neutrons;
 Streak Cameras;
 Transit Time;
 Mathematical Models;
 Monte Carlo Method;
 Ray Tracing;
 Tables (Data);
 Time Dependence;
 Instrumentation and Photography