Predictions of the structure of turbulent, particleladen, round jets
Abstract
Models of gas and particle motion in turbulent, particleladen, round jets were evaluated using existing measurements of flow structure. Three models were considered: (1) a locally homogeneous flow model, where velocities and turbulent mixing properties of both phases were assumed to be equal; (2) a deterministic separated flow model, where interphase slip was considered but effects of turbulent dispersion were ignored; and (3) a stochastic separated flow model where effects of interphase slip and turbulent dispersion were considered using random sampling techniques. In all three cases, mean and turbulent properties of the continuous phase were found with a wellcalibrated kepsilon model. The locally homogeneous flow and deterministic separated flow models over and underestimated particle spread and flow development rates, respectively. The stochastic separated flow model, however, yielded satisfactory predictions of flow structure  except at the high particle loadings. Uncertainties in initial conditions for the measurements and possible effects of turbulence modulation by the particles are proposed as the reason for these errors.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 June 1982
 Bibcode:
 1982STIN...8321261S
 Keywords:

 Flow Characteristics;
 Gas Dynamics;
 Particle Motion;
 Prediction Analysis Techniques;
 Turbulent Jets;
 Two Phase Flow;
 Computational Fluid Dynamics;
 KEpsilon Turbulence Model;
 Mathematical Models;
 Separated Flow;
 Stochastic Processes;
 Turbulent Mixing;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer