Estimation of the sea surface radar cross section at HF from second order Doppler spectrum characteristics
Abstract
A technique is developed for estimating the radar cross section of the sea surface at HF (230 MHz) from two simple measurements made of the radar Doppler spectrum. These are: the ratio of approach/recede Bragg line energy, and the ratio of strongest Bragg line amplitude to average value amplitude of secondorder backscatter at zero Doppler frequency. A nomograph is given, based on a theoretical model of secondorder scatter developed by the author, which then allows one to determine the number of decibels the Bragg ocean spectral component is down from the classical Phillips asymptotic value, used here only for a reference. Comparison is made with some surface wave data for three different cases in which buoy data are available for comparison with multifrequency radar data collected simultaneously at two different look angles. An example is also shown where such a calculation can be used to estimate the cross section of a target return existing within the same Doppler spectrum. Limitations of the technique are also discussed.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 May 1982
 Bibcode:
 1982STIN...8230456T
 Keywords:

 Doppler Radar;
 Estimating;
 Ocean Surface;
 Radar Cross Sections;
 Remote Sensing;
 Sea Roughness;
 Spectrum Analysis;
 Backscattering;
 Ionospheric Propagation;
 Mathematical Models;
 Radar Scattering;
 Sea Truth;
 Water Waves;
 Communications and Radar