A Analysis of the Low Frequency Sound Field in NonRectangular Enclosures Using the Finite Element Method.
Abstract
The details of the low frequency sound field for a rectangular room can be studied by the use of an established analytic techniqueseparation of variables. The solution is straightforward and the results are wellknown. A non rectangular room has boundary conditions which are not separable and therefore other solution techniques must be used. This study shows that the finite element method can be adapted for use in the study of sound fields in arbitrary shaped enclosures. The finite element acoustics problem is formulated and the modification of a standard program, which is necessary for solving acoustic field problems, is examined. The solution of the seminonrectangular room problem (one where the floor and ceiling remain parallel) is carried out by a combined finite element/separation of variables approach. The solution results are used to construct the Green's function for the low frequency sound field in five rooms (or data cases): (1) a rectangular (Louden) room; (2) The smallest wall of the Louden room canted 20 degrees from normal; (3) The largest wall of the Louden room canted 20 degrees from normal; (4) both the largest and the smallest walls are canted 20 degrees; and (5) a fivesided room variation of Case 4. Case 1, the rectangular room was calculated using both the finite element method and the separation of variables technique. The results for the two methods are compared in order to access the accuracy of the finite element method models. The modal damping coefficient are calculated and the results examined. The statistics of the source and receiver average normalized RMS P('2) responses in the 80 Hz, 100 Hz, and 125 Hz onethird octave bands are developed. The receiver averaged pressure response is developed to determine the effect of the source locations on the response. Twelve source locations are examined and the results tabulated for comparison. The effect of a finite sized source is looked at briefly. Finally, the standard deviation of the spatial pressure response is studied. The results for this characteristic show that it not significantly different in any of the rooms. The conclusions of the study are that only the frequency variations of the pressure response are affected by a room's shape. Further, in general, the simplest modification of a rectangular room (i.e., changing the angle of only one of the smallest walls), produces the most pronounced decrease of the pressure response variations in the low frequency region.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 1982
 Bibcode:
 1982PhDT........90G
 Keywords:

 Physics: Acoustics