Theoretical and experimental investigation of turbulent premixed flames
Abstract
A model is proposed to describe the propagation of a plane oblique flame into a turbulent flow of premixed reactants. The model incorporates a transport equation for the single or joint PDF's of passive scalers, in addition to the conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy and K.E. of turbulence. In the first phase of developing the model, the reaction mechanism was treated as a single step irreversible exothermic reaction. In this case, the PDF of the progress variable was parameterized and solved with the conservation equations. The second phase considered a two step reaction mechanism in an attempt to explore the role played by the radicals in the propagation of turbulent premixed flames. For both the two phases, the flame speed and angle are eigenvalues of the solution. Laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy (LIFS) was used to measure the PDF of OH concentration in a laboratory scale burner simulating the flame studied by the model. The premixed methaneair flame is stabilized on a rod flame holder downstream of a turbulence producing grid. The experimentally observed PDF's of the hydroxil radical concentration, and the statistical moments, used to describe and compare the PDF's and moments of the two reaction model.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 November 1982
 Bibcode:
 1982PhDT........12A
 Keywords:

 Flame Propagation;
 Premixed Flames;
 Turbulent Flow;
 Conservation Equations;
 Eigenvalues;
 Exothermic Reactions;
 Hydroxyl Radicals;
 Laser Induced Fluorescence;
 Mathematical Models;
 Probability Density Functions;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer