Finite element simulation of viscoelastic flows
Abstract
A finite element simulation was carried out for a viscoelastic fluid of the single integral, memory type. The memory kernel is chosen to be a single exponential in the time lapse (Maxwell model). However, the formulation is such that it can easily be generalized to more realistic models such as the BKZ theory. From the point of view of numerical analysis differential models are appealing because they avoid the complexities of memory integrals. However, in these models the viscoelastic effect always enters through terms having the highest order derivatives. In a memory integral formulation the demand on differentiability of the velocity field is not greater than for the Newtonian fluid. The basic idea in the formulation is the approximation of the memory integral by a Laguerre numerical quadrature formula. The kinematical problem is the computation of the displacement vector from every node to the Laguerre points upstream along particle paths.
 Publication:

Ph.D. Thesis
 Pub Date:
 July 1982
 Bibcode:
 1982PhDT........10V
 Keywords:

 Computerized Simulation;
 Finite Element Method;
 Viscoelasticity;
 Integrals;
 Kinematics;
 Newtonian Fluids;
 Velocity Distribution;
 Viscous Flow;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer