Tidal variations of earth rotation
Abstract
We have rederived the periodic variations of the earth's rotation due to tidal deformation of the earth by the sun and moon and included all terms with amplitudes ?0.002 milliseconds (1 mm). This series applies to the mantle (plus crust) and oceans, which rotate together for characteristic tidal periods. The parameter which scales the rotational series is k/C, where k is that fraction of the Love number which causes the tidal variation in the moment of inertia of the coupled mantle and oceans while C is the dimensionless polar moment of inertia of the coupled units. If the whole earth (minus oceans) were coupled rotationally, then k = 0.30 and C = 0.33. Ocean tides increase k by 0.04. Decoupling of the fluid core from the mantle decreases k by 0.06 while C = C_{mantle} = 0.29, since neither pressure, viscous, nor hydromagnetic coupling locks the fluid to the mantle for periods less than 5 to 25 years. From the analysis of lunar laser ranging data we find that k/C at monthly and fortnightly frequencies equals 0.99+/0.15 and 0.99+/0.20 as compared with a theoretical value of 0.94+/0.04. In addition, we have estimated theoretically the effects of ocean tides on earth rotation, nutation and polar motion using models based on the Laplace tidal equations.
 Publication:

Journal of Geophysical Research
 Pub Date:
 February 1981
 DOI:
 10.1029/JB086iB02p00881
 Bibcode:
 1981JGR....86..881Y
 Keywords:

 Earth Rotation;
 Earth Tides;
 Geophysical Fluids;
 Periodic Variations;
 Tides;
 Diurnal Variations;
 Earth Core;
 Earth Mantle