The helium abundance of Jupiter from Voyager
Abstract
Full disk measurements recorded 31 days before the Voyager 1 encounter with Jupiter by the radiometer of the infrared instrument, IRIS, indicate a geometric albedo of 0.274 + or  0.013. Combining this measurement with the Pioneer derived phase integral of 1.25 and our error estimate of 0.1 yields a Jovian Bond albedo of 0.343 + or  0.032. Infrared spectra recorded at the same time by the Michelson interferometer, along with a model extrapolation to low wave numbers not covered by the instrument, yield a thermal emission of (1.359 + or  0.014) .001 W cm to the (2) power. As in the case of the albedo measurement, the quoted errors in the emission measurement reflect estimates of systematic effects and are uncertain while the random component is negligible. From these measurements the internal heat flux of Jupiter is estimated to be (5.444 + or  0.425) .0001 W cm to the (2) power, and the energy balance defined as the ratio of emitted thermal to absorbed solar energy is 1.668 + or  0.085.
 Publication:

NASA STI/Recon Technical Report N
 Pub Date:
 October 1980
 Bibcode:
 1980STIN...8125015G
 Keywords:

 Albedo;
 Heat Flux;
 Jupiter (Planet);
 Jupiter Atmosphere;
 Infrared Spectra;
 Interferometry;
 Voyager 1 Spacecraft;
 Lunar and Planetary Exploration