A new approach to oscillatory rough turbulent boundary layers
Abstract
Velocity measurements have been performed in an oscillatory turbulent boundary layer over a rough wall, using a large oscillating water tunnel. These together with measurements by Kalkanis (1964) over an oscillating wall indicate the existence of universal wall and defect laws for velocity. A logarithmic overlap layer is predicted and observed as in a steady turbulent boundary layer, and this results in a new relationship between friction factor and relative boundary layer thickness. The phase lead of the defect velocity relative to the wall ditto seems to follow a universal law over the whole defect layer. A method is suggested for the calculation of the phase lead of wall shear stress over velocity in the free stream for large amplitude to roughness ratios. Apart from the inner layer, it is in principle possible to construct the velocity profiles in a turbulent oscillatory boundary layer at a rough wall, using the findings of this report. A review of experimental and theoretical investigations of the stability of the oscillatory boundary layer is also given.
 Publication:

Ocean Engineering
 Pub Date:
 1980
 Bibcode:
 1980OcEng...7..109J
 Keywords:

 Boundary Layer Stability;
 Oscillating Flow;
 Turbulent Boundary Layer;
 Velocity Measurement;
 Wall Flow;
 Eddy Viscosity;
 Free Flow;
 Shear Stress;
 Surface Roughness;
 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer