Application of the equivalent surface source method to the acoustics of duct systems with non-uniform wall impedance
The paper outlines the application of the equivalent surface source method to the analysis of the acoustic field in a partially lined duct with arbitrarily non-uniform wall impedance. Lined sections of the duct wall are represented by unsteady mass source singularities, the strengths of which are determined by solving integral equations. The method is applicable to lined walls of impedance which is non-uniform in the streamwise and/or circumferential direction. Numerical examples are given to show the effects of various design parameters on sound attenuation. Some advantageous features of circumferentially non-uniform wall impedance are demonstrated.