High power pulse modeling of coaxial transmission lines
Abstract
When coaxial cable is used for high voltage pulse transmission, a voltage transient appears on the outer sheath conductor. Although the magnitude of the transient is in the order of only a few per cent, this amounts to several kilovolts in many cases and must be carefully considered in terms of its effect on instrumentation, control and safety. To a first approximation, theoretically a coaxial cable should not develop any voltage on the outer sheath. A more refined analysis and model shows that the complete cancellation depends upon the self inductance of the sheath being exactly equal to the mutual inductance between the sheath and the center conductor. This condition is never exactly satisfied due to current distribution effects, even when the distribution is uniform and radially symmetric. The situation becomes worse when proximity effects are accounted for. The predicted sheath voltage agrees with experimental data within reasonable limits.
 Publication:

2nd International Pulsed Power Conference
 Pub Date:
 1979
 Bibcode:
 1979pupo.conf...96O
 Keywords:

 Coaxial Cables;
 Current Distribution;
 Mathematical Models;
 Pulse Generators;
 Sheaths;
 Transmission Lines;
 Electric Conductors;
 Electric Pulses;
 Energy Technology;
 Inductance;
 Transient Response;
 Electronics and Electrical Engineering