Multiple object tracking with nonunique datatoobject association via generalized hypothesis testing
Abstract
A generalized hypothesis testing approach is applied to the problem of tracking several objects where several different associations of data with objects are possible. Such problems occur, for instance, when attempting to distinctly track several aircraft maneuvering near each other or when tracking ships at sea. Conceptually, the problem is solved by first, associating data with objects in a statistically reasonable fashion and then, tracking with a bank of Kalman filters. The objects are assumed to have motion characterized by a fixed but unknown deterministic portion plus a random process portion modeled by a shaping filter. For example, the object might be assumed to have a mean straight line path about which it maneuvers in a random manner. Several hypothesized associations of data with objects are possible because of ambiguity as to which object the data comes from, false alarm/detection errors, and possible uncertainty in the number of objects being tracked. The statistical likelihood function is computed for each possible hypothesized association of data with objects. Then the generalized likelihood is computed by maximizing the likelihood over parameters that define the deterministic motion of the object.
 Publication:

Flight Mechanics/Estimation Theory Symposium
 Pub Date:
 April 1979
 Bibcode:
 1979fmet.symp..169P
 Keywords:

 Aircraft Detection;
 Maximum Likelihood Estimates;
 Ships;
 Tracking (Position);
 Flight Mechanics;
 Kalman Filters;
 Position (Location);
 Statistical Analysis;
 Astrodynamics