Flexural vibrations of finite length circular cylinders with shear diaphragm ends and symmetric circumferential wall thickness variations are described by using the Rayleigh-Ritz method. Both symmetric and asymmetric solutions are presented. Only circumferential variations in the wall radial dimension are considered; the method is amenable, however, to consideration of longitudinal variations in wall thickness as well. The cylinder wall thickness variation is described as a Fourier series and the vibration is described as a series of modes of a uniform cylinder with the same mean radius. The theory has been applied to a cylinder whose inner bore is circular but is non-concentric with the circular outer surface. The mode shapes have been investigated experimentally by using time-averaged holograms of the vibrating cylinder and the results compare well with the predictions of the theory. The frequencies of the modes agree with the theoretical predictions to within 2%.