Statistical mechanics of isomerization dynamics in liquids and the transition state approximation
Abstract
In this article, time correlation function methods are used to discuss classical isomerization reactions of small nonrigid molecules in liquid solvents. Molecular expressions are derived for a macroscopic phenomenological rate constant. The form of several of these equations depend upon what ensemble is used when performing averages over initial conditions. All of these formulas, however, reduce to one final physical expression whose value is manifestly independent of ensemble. The validity of the physical expression hinges on a separation of time scales and the plateau value problem. The approximations needed to obtain transition state theory are described and the errors involved are estimated. The coupling of the reaction coordinate to the liquid medium provides the dissipation necessary for the existence of a plateau value for the rate constant, but it also leads to failures of Wigner's fundamental assumption for transition state theory. We predict that for many isomerization reactions, the transmission coefficient will differ significantly from unity and that the difference will be a strong function of the thermodynamic state of the liquid solvent.
 Publication:

Journal of Chemical Physics
 Pub Date:
 March 1978
 DOI:
 10.1063/1.436049
 Bibcode:
 1978JChPh..68.2959C
 Keywords:

 82.30.Qt;
 82.20.Db;
 Isomerization and rearrangement;
 Transition state theory and statistical theories of rate constants