Basic theory of probecompensated nearfield measurements
Abstract
The general problem concerning the interaction of a probe antenna with the near field of an arbitrary antenna is considered. The application of the Lorentz reciprocity theorem to the problem of determining antenna characteristics, including the farfield pattern, is presented. The data required to correct for the directional effects of the probe, the effect of probe correction on the measured data, and the attendant mathematical computations in rectangular systems are described. Extensions to cylindrical and spherical systems are discussed.
 Publication:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
 Pub Date:
 May 1978
 DOI:
 10.1109/TAP.1978.1141855
 Bibcode:
 1978ITAP...26..373P
 Keywords:

 Antenna Design;
 Antenna Radiation Patterns;
 Field Theory (Physics);
 Near Fields;
 Data Reduction;
 Data Sampling;
 Helmholtz Equations;
 Maxwell Equation;
 Plane Waves;
 Communications and Radar