The majority (26/37) of the largest chondrules ( d ≥ 1400 μm) exposed in a thin section of the Manych chondrite are more or less rounded fragments of microporphyry, most of which contain from 50 to 80 vol.% olivine. Modal and phase analyses were used to calculate the approximate bulk compositions of nine such chondrules. Six vary modestly around the mean composition of L-group chondrites less most of their metal and troilite and are thought to have formed by bulk melting of L-group material with loss of an immiscible Fe-Ni-S liquid. Two other chondrules, which are olivine-rich and Na- and Si-poor, formed in the same way but with some loss of volatile constituents to a vapor phase. The ninth chondrule, an olivine-poor microporphyry, may be a non-representative sample of a coarser microporphyritic rock. Comparison of these microporphyritic chondrules with the products of controlled cooling experiments and with chemically similar olivine microporphyry in the St. Mesmin chondrite (LL-breccia) suggests that the microporphyritic chondrules are fragments of magmatic rocks which crystallized from masses of liquid no less than 10 cm across.
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
- Pub Date:
- March 1978
- Meteoritic Composition;
- Meteoritic Microstructures;
- Statistical Analysis;
- Lunar and Planetary Exploration